As Congress negotiates the next big coronavirus relief package, it is clearer than ever that a sustained investment in Pennsylvania’s public transit systems, including SEPTA, is absolutely vital to our region’s recovery.
Funding for public transit in Pennsylvania can be described best as a series of Band-Aid fixes with no long-term solutions. Even before the coronavirus pandemic, Pennsylvania’s transit funding mechanisms were already in a tenuous state. Now, with the financial and ridership impacts of the COVID-19 in full effect, SEPTA and other transit agencies across the commonwealth have bled millions of dollars a week and are on the road to ruin.
On the state level, $450 million in annual public transit funding is supposed to come from the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission (PTC). However, these payments are set to drop to $50 million in less than two years.
Additionally, the payments from PTC have been tenuous at best. This was highlighted last year when a now-dismissed lawsuit delayed millions in transit funding and stalled dozens of capital projects for SEPTA. With the pandemic now taking cars off the road, PTC has once again deferred its payment, citing a drop in turnpike toll revenue.
The federal government also gives Pennsylvania transit agencies short shrift. Federal funding formulas allocate extra money for “high density states,” but Pennsylvania just misses the cutoff. This locks our commonwealth’s transit agencies out from hundreds of millions in additional funding annually that benefits agencies in our bordering and close-by states. As a stark example, transit agencies in the Philadelphia area received less from the last coronavirus relief package than those in the Boston area, despite serving over one million more residents.
According to an analysis by TransitCenter, a national transit advocacy group, Pennsylvania alone needs $1.4 billion to keep transit running through 2021. Without more emergency funding assistance, Pennsylvania’s transit agencies will run short of funds within two months.
Beyond this immediate need, our state and federal legislators need to commit more lasting funding for public transit. On the state level, we need congestion pricing and a surcharge on ride-sharing — both of which have the added benefit of mitigating congestion and incentivizing transit ridership. On the federal level, we must revise our national gasoline tax, which hasn’t changed even with inflation over 26 years. The federal government must also allow Pennsylvania to toll the federal highways that run through our commonwealth.
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