What Are The Different Levels Of Self-Driving Cars? - Forbes


The Society of Automobile Engineers (SAE) sets what have come to be the most globally recognized standards for driving automation and these are divided into six levels of driving automation.

Level 0 Driving Automation

This is the lowest level of driving automation. The driver is in control of the car from the start to the end of the journey. Driver support features are limited to warnings and momentary assistance. Examples include automatic emergency braking and lane departure warnings.

Level 1 Driving Automation

The driver is in control of the car from the start to the end of the journey. The partly automated driving support system is limited to brake or acceleration support, but not both. Examples include lane centering or adaptive cruise control.

Level 2 Driving Automation

The driver is in control of the car from the start to the end of the journey. The partly automated driving support system is limited to both brake and acceleration support. Examples include lane centering simultaneously with adaptive cruise control.

Level 3 Driving Automation

The driver is not responsible for driving the car when the specified automated driving features are engaged, but the driver must reassume responsibility for driving when the features request it. Examples include traffic jam chauffeur.

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